Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one of the therapies composing the 3rd wave of CBT. The core concept of ACT is that psychological suffering is usually caused by experimental avoidance and psychological rigidity. This leads to a failure to take needed behavioural steps in accord with core values. ACT is type of functional contextualism that is based on theory of language and cognition known as Relational Frame Theory (RFT). To find out more visit Association for Contextual Behavioral Science
In contrary to traditional CBT approach, in ACT thoughts are acknowledge and defused rather than evaluated.
The main approaches in ACT are acceptance, commitment and mindfulness.
Acceptance is defined as an acknowledgement of and willingness to allow our experiences to be, rather than judge or suppress them.
A value is a life direction that guides us and gives our life meaning. Values are life-long beliefs they are different to goals, which have an end-point. If we know our values we can set ourselves goals that are consistent with our values.
Mindfulness is a technique that helps the client to learn to being present in the moment.